Whiplash will usually occur when there has been an injury to the neck caused by or associated with a sudden twist of the neck linked with the extension of it. It is often connected to road traffic accidents, generally when a car is hit from behind. Whiplash can also be caused by other accidents, such as bike or horse accidents. It is one of the main injuries covered by car insurance companies as it is extremely common in car accidents.
The symptoms of whiplash usually include the following; pain or an aching in your neck and back, referred pain to the shoulders, sensory disturbance to your arms and legs and sometimes you suffer from headaches. These symptoms can appear almost straightaway after the accident has occurred or commonly, they are not felt until a few days after the injury was sustained. Whiplash is usually just trauma to the spinal cord which means that it can potentially be very dangerous if suitable precautions are not taken to minimise any further trauma. Whiplash is diagnosed by looking at patients histories, examinations of the head and neck, undertaking x-rays to make sure there is no bone fractures especially to the spinal cord and also looking at medical imaging to see if there are other injuries associated to the accident which has caused the ailment.
Whiplash injuries can be caused by impulsive stretching of the spine, mainly at the anterior longitudinal ligament which in whiplash stretches or tears as your head suddenly jolts forward and then back again. It is caused by any movement comparable to a rear-end collision in a car, for example on a roller coaster ride or a sports injury. These injuries can also result in shaken baby syndrome.
One of the main preventative measures that have taken place is the design of car seats to prevent the effects of whiplash, car seats are made to be more firm in order to increase crash worthiness of cars in high speed rear-end collisions which in turn could increase the risk of this injury in low-speed rear impact collisions.
Improvements in car seats through better design and energy absorption could offer additional benefits to minimising whiplash. Some devices have been implemented to move the body in a crash in order to shift the loads on the car seat therefore lowering the chances.
For more legal advice and information, and for free legal resources I suggest you visit lawontheweb.co.uk.